Physical Education

Introduction
‘A high-quality physical education curriculum inspires all pupils to succeed and excel in competitive sport and other physically-demanding activities. It should provide opportunities for pupils to become physically confident in a way which supports their health and fitness. Opportunities to compete in sport and other activities build character and help to embed values such as fairness and respect.’ (DFE 2014)

At Coulsdon CofE Primary we have worked hard to ensure that our curriculum caters for all learners and their own unique learning style, sporting interests and personalities. We have developed our curriculum to provide every child with a range of sporting activities that enable all our learners the opportunity to successfully develop the skills outlined in the programme of study.

Intent
1) To be active physically, demonstrating knowledge and understanding mainly through physical activity.
2) To engage in activities that develop cardiovascular health, flexibility, muscular strength and endurance.
3) To develop independence through problem solving physical challenges, evaluating, modifying technique and consolidating skills through practise and repetition.
4) To promote health awareness and the value of adopting a healthy lifestyle.
5) To instil a sense of good sportsmanship, and encourage recognition of other pupils’ contribution.
6) To develop leadership skills, responsibility and self-awareness.
7) To support the development of self-esteem through the development of physical confidence and helping pupils to cope with both success and failure in competitive and co-operative activities.
8) To develop skills as a team player, including praise for others and motivation skills.
9) To recognise and follow relevant rules, laws, codes, etiquette and safety procedures for different activities or events, in practice and during competition.

Implementation:

At Coulsdon CofE Primary our aim is to create a positive attitude towards physical challenge and development of skill through high quality and enthusiastic PE lessons. Our scheme of work has been tailored to allow each individual to develop their knowledge and skills, showing steady progression across each year group and key stage. We hope that, through the range sporting opportunities and physical activity we offer, the children will potentially develop a love and passion for sport and continue this into their later lives. We aim to provide the children with at least two hours of fun, exciting and active PE lessons every week and to keep the children healthy and active every day and by educating them on a healthy, balanced diet and lifestyle.

At Coulsdon CofE Primary, we also strive to give as many children as possible the opportunity to compete in a variety of competitions, during school time or by representing the school at local events. We hope that in doing so the children will develop greater confidence, team work and learn to win or lose with grace and sportsmanship. It is also of paramount importance that we create sporting leaders during the children's time at Coulsdon CofE Primary. We aim to offer lots of children the opportunity to lead sporting activities, organise games and events and learn to lead by example. By emphasising leadership, we hope the children learn the importance of communication, organisation, team work, resilience, perseverance and a respect for rules.

The national curriculum for physical education aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • develop competence to excel in a broad range of physical activities
  • are physically active for sustained periods of time
  • engage in competitive sports and activities
  • lead healthy, active lives

By the end of each key stage, pupils are expected to know, apply and understand the matters, skills and processes specified in the relevant programme of study.

Key stage 1

Pupils should develop fundamental movement skills, become increasingly competent and confident and access a broad range of opportunities to extend their agility, balance and coordination, individually and with others. They should be able to engage in competitive (both against self and against others) and co-operative physical activities, in a range of increasingly challenging situations.

Pupils should be taught to:

  • master basic movements including running, jumping, throwing and catching, as well as developing balance, agility and co-ordination, and begin to apply these in a range of activities
  • participate in team games, developing simple tactics for attacking and defending
  • perform dances using simple movement patterns

Key stage 2

Pupils should continue to apply and develop a broader range of skills, learning how to use them in different ways and to link them to make actions and sequences of movement. They should enjoy communicating, collaborating and competing with each other. They should develop an understanding of how to improve in different physical activities and sports and learn how to evaluate and recognise their own success.

Pupils should be taught to:

  • use running, jumping, throwing and catching in isolation and in combination
  • play competitive games, modified where appropriate [for example, badminton, basketball, cricket, football, hockey, netball, rounders and tennis], and apply basic principles suitable for attacking and defending
  • develop flexibility, strength, technique, control and balance [for example, through athletics and gymnastics]
  • perform dances using a range of movement patterns
  • take part in outdoor and adventurous activity challenges both individually and within a team
  • compare their performances with previous ones and demonstrate improvement to achieve their personal best

Swimming and water safety

All schools must provide swimming instruction either in key stage 1 or key stage 2. In particular, pupils should be taught to:

  • swim competently, confidently and proficiently over a distance of at least 25 metres
  • use a range of strokes effectively [for example, front crawl, backstroke and breaststroke]
  • perform safe self-rescue in different water-based situations