Modern Foreign Languages


This sets out the vision, aims and strategies for the teaching and learning of languages and is the basis for the development of languages at Coulsdon C of E Primary School.


The overall aim for languages is that pupils develop a deep interest in and appreciation for other cultures, as they learn to understand and express themselves with increasing confidence in Spanish.  Language learning enables young people to express their ideas and thoughts in another language, and to understand and respond to its speakers ,which is essential, practical knowledge for all global citizens in the 21st century.  More than this, it is about young people exploring the relationship between language and identity, about developing an international outlook and growing into an enhanced understanding of the world and their place within it.

Pupils will develop specific knowledge of Spanish, learning words and structures that enable them to ask and answer questions, listen to, read and understand stories, songs, poems and other short texts, and to write from memory about themselves.  At the same time, they will develop language learning skills and strategies that will equip them for the learning of additional languages.


Coulsdon C of E Primary School scheme of work is designed to fulfil the requirements of the KS2 Programme of Study, and to provide learning experiences that engage, enthuse and motivate all of our learners.  The National Curriculum for languages aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • Speak with increasing confidence, fluency and spontaneity, finding ways of communicating what they want to say, including through discussion and asking questions, and continually improving the accuracy of their pronunciation and intonation.
  • Understand and respond to spoken and written language from a variety of authentic sources.
  • Can write at varying length, for different purposes and audiences, using the variety of grammatical structures that they have learnt.
  • Discover and develop an appreciation of a range of writing in the language studied.  To aid progression within our medium term planning, we draw on the non-statutory KS2 languages framework guidance. All pupils learn languages for at least 30 minutes a week. 


The key themes that will be taught throughout KS2 include:

  • Sounds 
  • Greetings
  • Numbers
  • Classroom instructions
  • Classroom objects
  • Christmas in Spain
  • Animals
  • Colours
  • Adjectives
  • Plural nouns
  • Days of the week
  • Food
  • Retelling stories in Spanish
  • Months, Birthdays and Seasons
  • Shapes
  • Prepositions
  • Body parts
  • Family
  • Describing hair and eyes
  • Sports
  • Music
  • Geography
  • Places in the town
  • Holidays

A typical Spanish lesson will begin asking the children to tell the date: day, number, month and year to recall classroom instructions. Vocabulary needs to be repeated by children throughout the lesson and displayed in the classroom.

Games allowing the children to repeat vocabulary should be played:

  • True or false – if I say the correct word for the picture, repeat after me. If I say it wrong, silence.
  • Paired talk so children can practice asking questions and responding to each other.
  • Model vocabulary with different expressions for them to copy.
  • Human sentence building – children hold up words in Spanish and start to form sentences in Spanish.
  • Some written Spanish.
  • Practice Maths to recall numbers in Spanish.
  • Bingo / for all different topics.
  • Other games in groups.

To end the lesson, get children to recall the vocabulary and work in pairs to practice the language learned. They will also join in with a song. 

Pupils are given regular opportunities to listen to, join in with, read, speak and write Spanish.  In the early stages of language learning, pupils engage in a lot of listening, to tune into and learn how to produce the sounds of the language, through the teaching and learning of phonics and phonics-related activities.  Once the vocabulary has been learned, children are able to join in with songs, rhymes, stories and poems. These will be read by the teacher and if vocabulary needs to be revisited to help their understanding, the teacher will use activities listed in the teaching section above to help them recall the vocabulary.  Pupils then begin to develop, from the earliest stages in Y3, the ability to form simple sentences of their own, with relation to topics of close, personal interest, such as self, family and pets.  In order to begin producing full sentences from single words, children need to look at the grammar linking it to English.  Every sentence needs a noun and a verb. Children can form sentences and when they are confident, they can write it down.  Year 3 will have simple sentences building up to more complex sentences using conjunctions in year 6.  As learning develops, pupils are given more and more opportunities to engage with Hispanic culture, learning about places, festivals and other aspects of daily life in countries where the language is spoken.  They develop confidence in writing from memory, building up over the course of KS2 to being able to write a short paragraph with information on two or three topics.  Teachers make use of a wide variety of resources, including ICT, and learning activities, including games, information-finding (research), pattern-finding, and quizzes to stimulate interest and general literacy and other learning skills.  There are clear links with literacy, particularly through the teaching of grammar, and teachers work together to join up these aspects of pupil language development.


Differentiated approaches are employed to seek to ensure that all learners in the classroom are able to make optimum progress.  EAL (English as an Additional Language) and speakers of languages other than English are encouraged to bring those languages into the classroom and use them to support their learning of Spanish.  Every opportunity is taken to recognise and celebrate the ability to speak any and all languages.  Teachers should use the attainment descriptors to help challenge the more able children in each year group so they can plan for those that are emerging, expected or exceeding.  If there are children that have Spanish as a mother tongue, they can be used as an expert during the lesson to help with pronunciation and can help to model to the rest of the class.  Additional work and Spanish books are also offered to these children. 


When assessing the children, teachers should refer to the attainment descriptors for each year group. These help to show how the children will progress across the Key Stage.  Teachers need to assess the children’s listening, speaking, reading, writing and grammar.  Assessment in languages is primarily to inform and support teaching and learning, enabling the language teacher to refine planning to best meet learner needs.